title={Are Forward Exchange Rates Rational Forecasts of Future Spot Rates? An Improved Econometric Analysis for the Major Currencies},
author={Raj Aggarwal and Winston Lin and Sunil Mohanty},
journal={Multinational Finance Journal},
publisher={Multinational Finance Society; Global Business Publications},
keywords={forward rates; rational forecasts},
abstract={It has been suggested that prior studies that have puzzlingly found forward rates to be inefficient and biased forecasts of future spot rates may be limited by inadequate statistical methodologies. Using an improved statistical methodology that accounts for both non-stationarity and non-normality in exchange rates, we unfortunately reconfirm that U.S. dollar forward rates for horizons ranging from one to twelve months for the British pound, Japanese yen, Swiss franc, and the German mark over the period 1973–1998 are generally not efficient or rational forecasts of future spot rates. However, as one bright spot, we cannot reject efficiency and rationality for the U.S. dollar forward rate for the Canadian dollar..},