title={Working Capital Investment: A Comparative Study – Canada Versus the United States},
author={Abdul-Rahman Khokhar},
journal={Multinational Finance Journal},
publisher={Multinational Finance Society; Global Business Publications},
keywords={working capital management; cash conversion cycle; working capital investment; short-term financial policies},
abstract={This study empirically compares the working capital investment of industrial firms and finds that Canadian firms invest less in working capital than their U.S. counterparts. Matched samples of 8,628 firm-year observations each from Canada and the U.S. are utilized covering the period 1988 to 2016. Compared to their U.S. counterparts, Canadian firms have a significantly lower cash conversion cycle, non-cash working capital to asset ratio and non-cash working capital to sales ratio. The difference in working capital investment is robust to variety of firm, industry and country controls as well as to year and industry fixed effects. The study also investigates the determinants of the lower investment in working capital by Canadian firms and finds that working capital investment is negatively moderated by short-term interest rates and positively associated with international operations..},