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Volume 2, Number 2 / June 1998 , Pages 85-165
Multinational Finance Journal, 1998, vol. 2, no. 2, pp.
Hans R. Stoll , Vanderbilt University, U.S.A.    Corresponding Author

Abstract:
A new approach and a new mind-set are needed for the regulation of financial markets. Under our existing trajectory, regulation will become inefficient, unwieldy, and too costly as it attempts to deal with an ever–more complex financial system. Regulators ought to focus on what needs to be regulated, not simply on expanding regulatory oversight. Implicit in this mind-set is the idea that not everything must be regulated. A focused approach to regulation would separate what is regulated from what is not. Examples of how regulation can be more narrowly focused are given for banking, for securities markets, and for futures markets

Keywords : bank regulation; financial regulation; offshore offerings; Security and Exchange Commission
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Multinational Finance Journal, 1998, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 101-132
Kodjovi G. Assoe , Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales, Canada    Corresponding Author

Abstract:
Many emerging markets have experienced significant changes in government policies and capital market reforms. These changes may lead to changes in their return-generating processes. Based on Markov-switching models, this paper investigates whether there is more than one regime in the return-generating processes of nine emerging markets and the specific characteristics of each regime. The results show very strong evidence of regime-switching behavior in emerging stock market returns. The two regimes through which emerging markets evolve are different whether one takes the domestic investors' perspective or that of foreign investors. For foreign investors, changes in volatility seem to be the main characteristic of emerging market regimes. The implications of these findings for the stability of emerging stock markets are discussed

Keywords : emerging markets; regime-switching; international investment
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Multinational Finance Journal, 1998, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 133-149
Shmuel Hauser , Ben Gurion Univ. of the Negeve and Israel Securities Authority, Israel    Corresponding Author
Azriel Levy , Bank of Israel and the Hebrew University, Israel

Abstract:
The increasing popularity of non-dealer security markets that offer automated, computer-based, continuous trading reflects the conventional wisdom that such markets are more efficient for all issues, large and small. This article uses a recent testing methodology to estimate the relative efficiency of discrete versus continuous trading regimes in the price discovery of thinly traded stocks. The empirical tests use over 9,000 transactions of dually listed stocks traded discretely on the Tel Aviv Stock Stock Exchange and continuously in the Over-The-Counter market in the U.S. It is shown that stock prices over-react to the arrival of new information and noise trading in both markets, but more so under continuous trading in the OTC market. It is also shown that continuous trading generates larger pricing errors and related return volatility.

Keywords : continuous trading; discrete trading; pricing efficiency; Tel Aviv Stock Exchange; trading mechanism
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Multinational Finance Journal, 1998, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 151-165
Larry J. Prather , East Tennessee State University, U.S.A.    Corresponding Author
Jae Hoon Min , Seowon University, Korea

Abstract:
This article examines announcement effects of 240 international joint ventures undertaken by firms to ascertain their impact on shareholders' wealth. The positive-multinational-network hypothesis suggests that the market reaction should be related to the option value of the venture. To test the positive-multinational-network hypothesis, first the market reaction between ventures into developed and less-developed countries are contrasted. Then, the reaction between ventures that form the basis for initial operations in a country and subsequent operations are contrasted. Results indicate that venture-specific characteristics influence announcement effects and that the positive-multinational-network hypothesis is supported

Keywords : event studies; information and market efficiency; investment policy; joint ventures
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